Waypoint 2 - Berth One / Bandstand
The Bandstand at the East Pier with Some Irish Lights Vessels
This view can be dated to post 1901, when the third vessel on the right, the Irish Lights tender, S.S Alexandra, was launched. There are several Irish Lights vessels and a warship in the picture. The one behind the bandstand is a lightship, one of a great many manned vessels that were moored around the coast to delineate points of danger and safe water. On the right is the SS.Tearaght and beyond her is the S.S. Alert, both Irish lights tenders. Alert was the smallest of the tenders and had been converted from a naval gunboat. The furthest ship away on the right is the Royal Naval Guardship HMS Melampus, stationed at Kingstown form 1892 until 1903. Two ladies sitting on the bench are dressed in the fashion of the Edwardian era.
The beautiful cast iron bandstand and the accompanying shelter on the higher level of the pier, built in 1890, have been carefully restored, but are used all too infrequently nowadays, unlike they era to which they originally belong. Music concerts with brass bands were a common occurrence back then. There were a great many British Army regiments stationed in Ireland, all with their brass bands. These, and the bands of the Dublin Metropolitan Police, The Royal Irish Constabulary and a host of bands from the different Townships, Working Men’s clubs and trade unions all regularly contributed to the music scene with open air concerts. There were usually several concerts per week on the pier during the Summer season The East pier lighthouse, raised to its present level in 1896, can be seen. The S.S. Tearaght was the ship from which Captain Thomas McCombie carried out the rescue of the crew of the sailing ship Palme in Dublin Bay in 1895. Fifteen Lifeboat-men from the Kingstown R.N.L.I. Station had been lost on Christmas Eve as they attempted to rescue the crew of the Palme.
Credit: Simon Coate
Looking from the East Pier towards the Town Hall (right) and St Michael’s Church (left)
The Analemmatic Sundial
Thu, Aug 16, 2012, 01:00
THAT’S MATHS: IF YOU ARE in Dún Laoghaire, take a stroll out the East Pier and you will find an analemmatic sundial.
In most sundials, the gnomon, the part that casts the shadow, is fixed and the hour-lines radiate outward from it to a circle. In an analemmatic sundial the hour-points are on an ellipse, or flattened circle, the horizontal projection of a circle parallel to the equator.
You yourself form the gnomon, and the point where you stand depends on the time of year. This is shown on a date scale set into the dial. Your shadow, falling somewhere on the ellipse, indicates the hour.
Advances in mathematics and astronomy have gone hand-in-hand for millennia. As civilisation developed, accurate time measurement became essential. More precise observations of the stars and planets called for more exact mathematical descriptions of the universe.
The similarity between how we divide up angles and hours of the day arises from the use of astronomical phenomena to measure time. The division of a circle into 360 degrees, with each degree divided into 60 minutes and each minute into 60 seconds of arc, dates back to the Babylonians.
Tycho Brahe, the great Danish astronomer, made observations more precise than ever before. They enabled Johannes Kepler to deduce that the form of the Earth’s orbit around the Sun is an ellipse. When the Earth is closer to the Sun it moves faster and when farther away it moves slower. As a result, the length of a solar day varies through the year. Further complications arise from the tilt of the Earth’s axis, the obliquity of the orbit.
The unequal length of solar days is inconvenient. To simplify everyday life, we use mean time, with a fixed length of day equal to the average solar day. As a result, the Sun is not due south at clock noon but sometimes running ahead and sometimes behind. The mathematical expression for this discrepancy is the “Equation of Time”. The position of the Sun at mean-time noon falls on a curve called an analemma.
Mathematically, the analemma is a plot of the Sun’s altitude (angle above the horizon) versus its azimuth (angle from true north), and it has the form of a great celestial figure-of-eight.
Three adjustments must be made to get mean time from sun-dial time. First, since Dún Laoghaire is just over six degrees west of Greenwich, 25 minutes must be added. Next, a seasonal correction must be made. This is complicated to calculate, but help is at hand: it can be read from a graph of the Equation of Time, conveniently plotted on a bronze plaque. Finally, an extra hour must be added during Irish Summer Time.
The Dún Laoghaire Harbour Company is to be commended for installing the analemmatic sundial, a feature of artistic and scientific interest for all who use the amenities of the Harbour.
Local authorities elsewhere might follow this example. The sundial is a rich source of ideas for students, giving rise to many questions on geometry, trigonometry and astronomy, ranging from elementary problems to matters that have taxed the greatest minds.
The significance of the mathematical and astronomical theory involved in the Equation of Time is not confined to the design of sundials, but is important in many scientific and engineering contexts. It is used for the design of solar trackers and heliostats, vital for harnessing solar energy, which will one day be our main source of power.
Peter Lynch is professor of meteorology, School of Mathematical Sciences at University College Dublin. Visit his blog, thatsmaths.com
Visit of Norwegian Royal Yacht
His Majesty King Harald V and Queen Sonja, of Norway, made a State Visit to Ireland during the period 17-24th September 2006.
The Royal Yacht “Norge” docked at the East Pier Berth, Dún Laoghaire, on the afternoon of Sunday 17th September. The vessel departed at 08000hrs the following morning, Monday 18th September, receiving a 21 gun salute as it passed the East Pier Battery and was joined on its way to Dublin by HNOMS (His Norwegian Majesty’s Ship) “Alta”.
Credit: Simon Coate